Issue Number 32: First quarter for 2003
|Home | Information | E-zine Contents: HTML/Flash | Links | Contact Us|
There is new evidence to dispute the standard view that civilization first arose in southern Mesopotamia in modern-day Iraq.
By 4000 BCE in Syria, was a society with regional centers and a complex government. Here, as with the Ubaidians, were huge ovens for baking bread for numerous people, and people manufactured fine pottery. In the year 2000 of modern times, at Tell Hamoukar, archaeologists have discovered a protective city wall, and they describe the place of their digging as more than a town -- they describe it as a city. They have also found what they call primitive hieroglyphics: markings for record keeping of trade transactions.
After three seasons of
excavation in north eastern Syria, archaeologists say they are more sure
than ever that they have broadened the geography of early civilization.
Frank E Smitha was born in Los Angeles, December 1933. He has a B.A in History. You can find his contribution to this exclusive article for Bilgelik on his website also.
Copyright © ACL
For feedback and comments and contributions, send us your e-mail.
Unless otherwise stated (external web articles) all articles were written exclusively for the Bilgelik E-zine.
Note: Flash is required. Some of the pages are in flash format and some are in html.